Entre 2011 y 2016, Zacatecas pasó del lugar 7 al 26 en el Índice de Paz México (IPM), elaborado por el Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP).

El estudio advierte que en este periodo de tiempo -cuando Zacatecas era gobernado por el priista Miguel Alejandro Alonso Reyes- el porcentaje de homicidios con arma de fuego aumentó en un 374 por ciento.

De acuerdo al IPM, el deterioro en la violencia durante los cinco años está relacionado con las altas tasas de homicidio que se registraron en ese periodo y los delitos cometidos con arma de fuego.

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«El indicador del IPM de delitos cometidos con arma de fuego representa la proliferación y el uso de armas de fuego, con base en la tasa de homicidio y asaltos cometidos con estas armas», indica el informe del think thank con sede en Nueva York.

Zacatecas encabeza la lista de estados donde la tasa de homicidio con arma de fuego registró los mayores incrementos porcentuales; le siguen Querétaro, Baja California Sur, Colima y Oaxaca.

De hecho, tuvo aumento de 374 por ciento en homicidios con arma de fuego.

A nivel nacional entre 2012 y 2014 se registró un incremento en la demanda de armas de fuego, provenientes principalmente de Estados Unidos y América Central; «más de 300 mil familias declararon que en 2014 adquirieron este tipo de armas. En los dos años siguientes, la tasa de delitos cometidos con arma de fuego aumentó, primero en 8% en 2015 y en otro 20% en 2016».

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Además, la entidad registró un aumento en número de violaciones, con un 49 por ciento. «Junto con Oaxaca, Zacatecas tiene una de las tasas registradas de violación más altas del país».

El documento, que puede ser consultado aquí, advierte que «el único indicador en el que el estado mostró algunos avances es el de delitos con violencia, aunque la baja registrada es moderada: 9%».


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«La tasa de crímenes de la delincuencia organizada bajó 58%, con una disminución igual en delitos relacionados con narcóticos y una pequeña reducción de 7% en los casos de extorsión. Sin embargo, su efecto fue moderado por un aumento de casi el doble (90%) en el número de secuestros», afirma el estudio.

El Institute for Economics and Peace es el think tank líder mundial dedicado al desarrollo de métricas para analizar la paz y cuantificar su valor económico. Para ello, desarrolla índices globales y nacionales, calcula el costo económico de la violencia, analiza el riesgo a nivel de país y entiende la paz positiva.

Las investigaciones que realiza el IEP son ampliamente utilizada por gobiernos, instituciones académicas, grupos de reflexión, organizaciones no gubernamentales y por instituciones intergubernamentales como la OCDE, la Secretaría del Commonwealth, el Banco Mundial y las Naciones Unidas.

El IEP fue recientemente clasificado en los 15 principales think tanks más impactantes del mundo.

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