Y sí, todos hemos leído más de una vez ese poema que, hasta la fecha todos creímos de autoria de Nezahualcóyotl, pero ya existe alguien que dice lo contrario.

Patrick Johansson, investigador de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, originario de Francia y naturalizado mexicano defiende que no. El doctor en letras se dice completamente convencido que el poema que leemos en los billetes de 100 pesos no es del rey poeta.

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Para defender su postura, el autor de ocho libros asegura que la versión del poema que leemos hoy en día tienen todo un sentido otorgado en nuestro idioma, y que las palabras no corresponden a la gramática del náhuatl prehispánico.

Palabras que no existen en el idioma original

El académico pone como ejemplo el plural de “flores”. En singular, Xóchitl, no era una palabra que se pluralizara en el idioma original, de manera que no tiene sentido escrito como está, como “xochimeh”. De hecho, la pluralización de los sustantivos, es algo muy común en la actualidad, pero que es resultado de la influencia del español, explica Johansson.

En la misma línea, también habría otro error. “El adjetivo, en náhuatl, no tiene concordancia numérica con el sustantivo que califica”. Así, “ahuiacmeh” también estaría escrito sin concordancia al náhuatl prehispánico. Su escritura correcta es “ahuiac“. Si se tomará en cuenta la pluralización de “xóchitl“, entondes debería leerse “ahuiac xochimeh“, aunque la forma más correcta sería una unión de ambas palabras: “ahuicaxochitl“.

“Este poema, por demás hermoso, es de factura moderna. Se inspira indudablemente de la poesía de Nezahualcóyotl, pero es poco probable que le podamos atribuir la autoría”.

Patrick Johansson

 

Esta polémica ha nacido de un estrafalario error, el cuál ha levantado debates entre académicos y estudiosos de la lengua náhuatl, pero se desconoce un posicionamiento oficial por parte de Banxico.

 

 

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